By Chris Lane
By Jeff Balke
By Aaron Reiss
By Angelica Leicht
By Dianna Wray
By Aaron Reiss
By Camilo Smith
By Craig Malisow
He took command, grabbing the pulpit, spinning away from it, making and remaking his points in the beautiful rolling tones that spoke to his fundamentalist heritage. His arms held high in exhortation, he twirled and whirled and then stopped to reflect and ponder. At times it seemed the voice of God filled the room.
On August 19, the Reverend James Forbes, senior minister of the 2,400-member Riverside Church of New York City, spoke at South Main Baptist Church in Houston. It was a tent revival without the tent. Air conditioning instead of smothering heat. Acknowledged as one of the most eloquent speakers alive, Forbes told of a better future, the Savior's love, the strength of faith. But the path he has drawn wouldn't be found on any road map owned by televangelist Pat Robertson.
"God is gathering an interfaith company of believers to proclaim a theology of divine righteousness which demands justice, respect, tolerance, compassion, inclusiveness and trust in the ultimate efficacy of divine zeal and the rigorous pursuit of peace although we live in the midst of competing interests and faith claims," Forbes intoned.
It was clear that whatever instructions Dr. Forbes had grown up with, they had been replaced by a new guidance system.
A call to action that recognizes that faith doesn't have to translate to anti-intellectualism, that devotion is not synonymous with dogma and that protection of personal beliefs doesn't have to result in mean-spiritedness and intolerance.
It was a time to consider September 11 in a different way -- to somehow unwrap the layers that got religion entangled in the American flag and patriotism and only one right way of bellicose thinking. All played to some country music tune that soared on the charts.
Titled "Fundamentalism's Threat to Democracy: Christians, Jews and Muslims Respond," and sponsored by the Texas Faith Network, the day featured speakers from the Christian, Jewish and Muslim faiths who warned against religious fundamentalism of any kind. To make sure, Forbes said, that our antiterrorism efforts don't erode our rights.
Or as the reverend put it: "We need to make sure that our zeal doesn't get in the way of the zeal of the Lord."
Sometimes it seems the fundamentalist or very conservative side of Christianity is the only way to be a true Christian, sort of like believing that Orthodox Jews are the only real Jews and members of the Conservative and Reform branches are just going through the motions. Or that a Muslim woman not shrouded in black head to toe is not a real follower of Islam.
The Texas Faith Network is a group of ministers and laity from the liberal side of the church aisle, who formed to respond to the policies and influence of the Christian Coalition. While they say they're not here to fight, that's not exactly true. They differ with the Christian Coalition on about every article of faith, once past the basic shared premise that Christians should get involved in the political process.
Member Tarciscio Beal, a Ph.D. and professor of history, religious studies and languages at the University of the Incarnate Word in San Antonio, wrote in the San Antonio Express-News that the religious right "propagates a black-white world view that is exclusivist, self-righteous and contentious."
The worst of the religious right, he said, is Robertson's Christian Coalition, which "is loaded with single-issue groups (anti-abortion, anti-gay, anti-liberal, anti-government, pro-school prayer, etc.) that see the trees but cannot see the forest of a pluralist society; that prize uniformity and loathe diversity."
The Texas Faith Network celebrates that diversity, not finding itself threatened by different approaches to the end time, but setting aside space for them all. What its members are calling for is recognition that a person can be devoutly religious and yet not feel the urge to compel everyone else to move in lockstep. A person can believe in the power of prayer and at the same time argue against forced public prayer in schools. A person can be a devout Christian and not be a member of the Republican Party.
The Reverend Mel White of Soulforce, who leads a most ironical life -- the gay activist used to write speeches for the Reverend Jerry Falwell -- was one of the leadoff speakers. Falwell, of course, rather famously apologized to the nation after saying gays and lesbians were partially responsible for the September 11 attacks because of their immorality.
Speaking alongside White were Warren Bass, a Jew who's a policy wonk on the Council on Foreign Relations, and Qamar-ul Huda, a Muslim who's an assistant professor of Islamic studies and comparative theology at Boston College. Bass and Huda spoke of the fundamentalists in their faiths -- those Jews inspired by the Six Day War in 1967 to settle on the West Bank and the Muslims' Wahhabism and its by-product the Taliban.
White said he is not nearly as afraid of fundamentalists as he is of liberals who refuse to take a stand, who don't risk anything to make sure that justice is done.
Forbes said that following 9/11 he experienced a spiritual crisis. "Some of the things I was seeing were not Christian."