By Chris Lane
By Jeff Balke
By Aaron Reiss
By Angelica Leicht
By Dianna Wray
By Aaron Reiss
By Camilo Smith
By Craig Malisow
Madelyne Gorman Toogood became the talk of the nation last week when the 25-year-old mother surrendered to Indiana officials and revealed herself to be a member of the Irish Travelers, a secretive, transient group with a reputation among police for shady business practices or outright scams.
While the incident happened far away, the case has area connections: Toogood's attorney is publicity-loving former Fort Bend County prosecutor Steven Rocket Rosen, and several of Toogood's associates have had run-ins with the Houston police.
"We've never dealt with her here, but we've handled the Gorman clan in home repair fraud and driveway scams," says Officer Mike Garrett of the Houston Police Department's major offenders unit. According to Garrett, the most common scheme among Irish Traveler men is offering to do work around the house, collecting money and never returning to finish the job. He says the women may shoplift or try to get cash refunds from stores for "returned" merchandise that the store never sold in the first place.
Indiana officials have admitted that Toogood was under surveillance for suspicious behavior inside the department store. Garrett wonders if Toogood could have been punishing her four-year-old daughter, Martha, for not helping in some scheme.
"It could have been as easy as theft or distracting an employee," says Garrett, careful to add that his thoughts are just opinion.
But Rosen says Garrett's view is ridiculous.
"That's speculation, that's assumption, and when you assume, you make an ass out of you and me," says Rosen, who insists Toogood was just a frustrated mother pushed too far. "The video in the store will show the little girl got lost, she ripped up Barbie cases. To speculate that way is absurd."
But Rosen, who has represented Irish Travelers for more than 15 years in Houston and elsewhere, admits that the group has been known for "getting in little mixes."
The first Irish Travelers immigrated to New York from Ireland to escape the potato famine in the 1850s. Over the years they slowly moved down the Eastern Seaboard and into the southern United States, where they established home bases in several towns, including Memphis and Murphy Village, South Carolina.
There is also a contingent of about 500 Travelers based out of Fort Worth (where Toogood is wanted on a shoplifting charge at another Kohl's). But the group is mostly transient, often taking up residence in mobile home parks.
"They travel with the seasons," says Dick Moore, a member of the National Association of Bunco Investigators. He lives in Victoria and has studied the Travelers for many years. "They come up north in the summer and back to the south in the winter. Not all Travelers are criminals, but a lot have been known to pull off different scams on the elderly, and they engage in questionable business practices."
Moore and other Traveler experts say the group, which may number several thousand across the country, is extremely close-knit and secretive. They almost always marry among themselves and speak a dialect known as Shelta or Gammon, a mixture of Irish Gaelic and English. They may not pay taxes and often take their children out of school after the seventh or eighth grade. Despite their questionable behavior, they are also devoutly religious Roman Catholics. Members don't associate with outsiders, whom they refer to as "the country people."
Joe Livingston, an agent with the South Carolina Law Enforcement Division and a Traveler expert, says Toogood's recent media blitz didn't play well among her people.
"When she got on TV and said, 'I'm an Irish Traveler,' there was a loud shriek across America in the Traveler community," says Livingston. "Their whole thing is anonymity; their whole thing is secrecy."
Texas authorities found out about the covert nature of the group in January 2000, when five members were killed after their pickup truck flipped over on Interstate 30 in Fort Worth. Investigators discovered all five boys in the truck were under the age of 14 and were carrying fake identification. Their families, who had been living in a RV park in nearby White Settlement, met just once with officers. They soon pulled their other children out of local schools and moved away.
Rosen shuns the suggestion that Toogood's relatives are upset with her, and says her appearance on several television programs -- including Larry King Live -- was a necessary move for her to defend herself (and most likely a good move for Rosen, who has a history of high-profile cases that include defending a member of the Branch Davidian sect in 1997).
"I wanted her to apologize to the nation and to her family," he says. "I think she's doing a great job. And when I got there on Friday, there must have been 50 family members with her, and they never left her side."