Weed Takes Root

Marijuana's steady creep toward legalization nationwide.

Ah, Obama. Many attribute a good share of the present impetus to Obama, the third president in a row to acknowledge smoking weed. Bill Clinton famously claimed he never inhaled. George W. Bush fessed up only after a private admission was secretly recorded and leaked to ABC News. Obama won the everlasting affection of the pro-pot crowd when he addressed the matter of inhaling and asked, "Isn't that the point?"

He also elicited joyous whoops when he jettisoned existing Bush-era policy last fall and instructed Attorney General Eric Holder and the vast federal antidrug apparatus to stand down in the protracted war with states over medical marijuana. No longer would the private holder of a medical-marijuana card have to fear being busted by federal agents after picking up a supply of kush from the corner dispensary. Nor would the dispensary owner have to worry about the feds.

For the marijuana lobby and its broader aims, the win was gigantic. It removed — for the current presidential term, at least — the daunting specter of federal interference and turned virtually the entire continental United States into one big, wide-open game board. Pot advocates divide that game board state by state, believing that the surest way to overcome the conservative inertia that keeps pot outlawed is to spread legalization keyed to states' rights to craft their own statutes.

Dean Becker, a Houston-based journalist and activist, calls Houston "the leader of the jihad against drug users."
Chris Curry
Dean Becker, a Houston-based journalist and activist, calls Houston "the leader of the jihad against drug users."
Richard Lee, president of Oaksterdam University, a trade school for the cannabis industry in Oakland, California...
REUTERS/Robert Galbraith
Richard Lee, president of Oaksterdam University, a trade school for the cannabis industry in Oakland, California...

Medical marijuana has been on the move since 1996 and is now legal in 14 states, including California, with at least a dozen more to debate it soon. Proponents predict it will continue to hopscotch from state to state much the way legalized gambling expanded along the Mississippi River and throughout a lot of the country in the 1980s and 1990s.

Texas does not figure to join the medical bandwagon anytime soon. St. Pierre of NORML places the state in the top third for "harshest laws and least viable reform movements," along with such states as Utah and the Dakotas.

"Beer-drinking is a state pastime in Texas," he says. "But cannabis is considered a deviant behavior."

The Texas Legislature has grappled with the issue of medical marijuana for four sessions, but legislation has failed to gain much traction because of the incendiary nature of the issue. These bills would not have prevented law enforcement from arresting and prosecuting those who possess pot, rather the legislation would have provided users with an affirmative defense if they could prove they possessed marijuana for a serious medical problem. For the last two sessions, State Representative Elliott Naishtat, a Democrat from Austin, has sponsored legislation that would have provided this affirmative defense, if an accused could prove in court that he possessed pot "for a bona fide medical condition like cancer, AIDS or multiple sclerosis, and a doctor had recommended marijuana to help ameliorate the symptoms of that debilitating condition," Naishtat says. "Nothing would be legalized by the bill that I introduced." But his bill died in committee in the 2007 and 2009 sessions, denied public hearings by conservative committee chairs.

Naishtat plans on reintroducing the legislation in the 2011 session. "I am much more optimistic about the bill in light of the Obama administration's telling states who have adopted medical marijuana laws that the Justice Department wouldn't prosecute users and wouldn't use federal resources to enforce the federal laws on marijuana in those states," he says. "That sends a signal that the feds are willing to defer to the states with respect to authorizing use of medicinal marijuana."

Naishtat says that his legislation is fairly benign, "the minimum you could enact — it's nothing like California, where they are trying to legalize it." Although he acknowledges that some might feel his bill would be a "major first step toward legalization," he maintains that's not what his bill is about. "It's about helping sick people" — not about gaining acceptance for recreational use.

Attorney Sean T. McAllister might disagree. He led a successful crusade this past fall to get small amounts of pot legalized — less than an ounce for private possession and use — in the small ski-resort town of Breckenridge, Colorado, in a vote that was largely symbolic, given that possession remains a misdemeanor under Colorado law. McAllister acknowledges that medicinal use of weed is a wedge to help pro-pot activists gain leverage in advancing recreational use of the drug. "Medical marijuana is really leading the way, letting us see what a taxed and regulated market for marijuana would look like," McAllister says.

As Ethan Nadelmann, executive director of the Drug Policy Alliance in New York, put it, "The face of marijuana isn't some 17-year-old, pimply-faced kid; it's an older person needing help."

The widening perception that cannabis is a godsend for sufferers of cancer, AIDS, glaucoma and other afflictions has partially erased its own entrenched stigmas, including a reputation for dulling the intellect. To be sure, the purported benefits of marijuana — so vital to its broadening acceptance — are not without controversy. One Web site, CannabisCenters.com, boasts more than 240 maladies that respond to marijuana, from writer's cramp to cystic fibrosis. For prostate cancer, Huntington's disease, ulcerative colitis, lupus, grand mal seizures, pot promises at least a whiff of relief.

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