Down the Hatch

The Texas Attorney General's Office says a drugmaker lied in order to push an antipsychotic on foster children. So why are kids as young as three still taking the drug?

The company's 1993 Product Market Plan called for penetration of three customer segments: providers (prescribing physicians), KOLs who could "influence the politicians," and payors (government agencies). But first, the company had to, through the use of a comprehensive marketing campaign, "create a need and demand for new first-line antipsychotics" and then persuade everyone that Risperdal was the one drug to meet that need. (Risperdal's patent didn't expire until 2007.)

According to an expert witness report filed in the Texas AG's lawsuit, the push kicked off in earnest in 1995 with the establishment of what would come to be known as the Tri-University Guidelines. Janssen funded the research of three friendly physicians at Duke, Cornell and Columbia, with the understanding that they'd all agree that Risperdal was better than first-wave antipsychotics, according to an expert witness report commissioned by David Rothman, a Columbia University professor and psychologist. [See "Down the Hatch: The Rothman Report."]

To better proselytize their Risperdal-friendly findings — and to better line their pockets from the sale of publications and speaking engagements — the three professors incorporated Expert Knowledge Systems. The J&J-funded entity acted as a "strategic partnership with Janssen," according to a filing in the AG's lawsuit, whose mission was to build brand loyalty. Between grants, educational conferences and dissemination of publications, ESK accepted $942,000 from J&J.

Enter the Texas Medication ­Algorithm Project, or TMAP.

With the Tri-University Guidelines in place, Janssen now had to find key opinion leaders in order to move Risperdal to the top of the state's preferred-drug list. The idea was to claim Texas, and then export TMAP to as many other states as possible; ultimately, at least 16 states incorporated the project.

According to the Rothman report, some KOLs recruited for the job included Dr. Steven Shon, then the director of the Texas Department of Mental Health and Mental Retardation; Dr. Lynn Crismon of the University of Texas's College of Pharmacy; Drs. Alexander Miller and John Chiles of UT Health Science Center in San Antonio; and Joe Lovelace, then the head of the Texas chapter of the National Alliance on Mental Illness.

Janssen, of course, denies the Texas AG's claims. A company spokeswoman said she could not discuss details while the case was pending, but did state in an e-mail that "Janssen is prepared to vigorously defend itself against these claims. We are committed to ethical business practices, and have policies in place to ensure that our products are only promoted for their FDA-approved indication. If questions are raised about adherence to our marketing and promotion policies, we act quickly to investigate the situation and take appropriate disciplinary action."

Prior to TMAP, Medicaid guidelines called for doctors to prescribe generic, conventional antipsychotics; they couldn't touch the much more expensive second-generation drugs, called "atypicals," until two or three conventionals had failed.

The drug companies' hurdles, then, were to come up with solid arguments to move their atypicals to the front of the line, despite their cost and the lack of data showing they were any better than conventionals. They had to persuade KOLs that the exorbitant upfront cost would actually save money in the long run because of the atypicals' relative lack of side effects as compared to conventionals. Of course, there wasn't much unbiased data supporting that.

As Rothman — the Texas AG's expert witness — wrote, "From the very beginning of TMAP, its leaders gave only lip service to conflict of interest considerations, ignoring principles in their search for industry funds...J&J fingerprints were all over the TMAP algorithms."

In one example, Rothman pointed out how in 1996, TMAP positioned both atypicals like Risperdal and the generic conventionals at Stage One, meaning physicians would be able to pick either one as a first choice for patients. But after Dr. Steven Shon and his fellow KOLs accepted $300,000 from J&J and other companies in 1997, conventionals dropped to Stage Four in 1998.

By the time of Janssen's 1999 Tactical Plan, Risperdal was the most prescribed atypical antipsychotic, more than doubling projected sales for each year. (While it was the second-most prescribed atypical, Eli Lilly's Zyprexa actually generated a higher dollar amount because it was more expensive.)

Janssen also desperately wanted to corner the pediatric market. Although Risperdal was already being used off-label to treat children, the company didn't have enough data on pediatric safety and efficacy for FDA approval. When the company sought the pediatric nod in 1996, the FDA responded somewhat incredulously: "You never state for what child or adolescent psychiatric disorders Risperdal would be intended. Indeed, you acknowledge that you have not provided substantial evidence from adequate and well-controlled trials to support any pediatric indications nor developed a rationale to extend the results of studies conducted in adults to children. Your rationale...appears to be simply that, since Risperdal is being used in pediatric patients, this use should be acknowledged some way in labeling."

This was hardly a stumbling block; all Janssen had to do was not tell anyone about this denial and just buy favorable pediatric research and ghostwrite glowing articles.

The go-to man for psychiatric disorders in children was Harvard's Joseph Biederman, a man who would one day explain in a deposition that the only entity with a higher professional ranking than him at Harvard was God. (In 2010, Harvard disciplined Biederman and two other researchers for not disclosing $4.2 million they accepted from pharmaceutical companies between 2000 and 2007. The doctors wrote a letter of apology, explaining that they had "learned a great deal from this painful experience.")

« Previous Page
 |
 
1
 
2
 
3
 
4
 
5
 
6
 
All
 
Next Page »
 
My Voice Nation Help
40 comments
Wparkspring
Wparkspring

Dear Sir:

If you would send me a fax number; I will show you more documents and damaging evidence against Greg Abbott. Abbott is guilty of covering up the private interest, rigging and fixing court cases in Harris County and actually anywhere in the State of Texas. Mr. Abbott has plead an erroneous 'executive privilege' in Harris County case 1724264 [ misdemeanor] in a case that Constable Ron Hickman filed against me when I complained about the murder and unaware at the time of the crime of the forged thumbprint.

The evidence tends to show Greg Abbott played a role in the forged thumb-print of October 28, 2010 and tried to use psycho-active drugs to shut me up for speaking out about the ugly realities of LINDY GATE. I am the ex- wife of Special Texas Ranger complaining about the murder of the ex- wife of Texas Ethics Commissioner, attorney Warren "Tom" Harrison.

Respectfully submitted,

Carol Ann Davis

HC
HC

They put me on Risperdal when I was 7 (in 1995). It made me wet the bed and caused me to fall asleep in class. It was humiliating because the teachers made me stand up in class and criticized my somnolence in front of everyone when the Risperdal made me fall asleep. In an interesting turn of fate, the doctor that prescribed me the Risperdal later had her license revoked for having too cozy of a relationship with pharmaceutical reps and other unethical behaviors. Next time I'm in Houston I'll ask the doctor's name, because I think the Houston Press might be interested in that.

Brian
Brian

When I was 16 (in 1997), I smoked some laced weed, freaked out, landed in the hospital, and spent the next year and a half on Risperdal. I gained fifty pounds in just a couple months, and literally drooled my way through junior year of high school, a zombie. I kept trying to tell my parents and my doctors that this wasn't right, that these were side-effects of the drug, but their response was "Well, that's not what the science says." It was like living in a nightmare. Thank-you, Mr. Malisow, for telling the story of every kid like me who was drugged into a waking coma under the guise of being "helped."

Tara Marshall
Tara Marshall

As young as 3? I've seen it used on children as young as TWO, to my outrage. Risperdal calms a child down, yes, but it does it by completely sedating the child, also lowering his or her ability to LEARN. This should be a particular concern, since many children who receive this medication also have diagnoses of developmental disabilities, especially Autism.

I"ve also seen children gain weight to the point of becoming diabetic (and if you thought dealing with a severely Autistic child was hard to begin with, wait until he is insulin-dependent and hates both testing and needles), as well as children with side effects such as tardive dyskinesia (Parkinsonism) that were permanent even after the drug was removed. And I've seen a few cases of Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome, which can KILL the person.

As far as I'm concerned, Johnson & Johnson is no less than criminally negligent in their treatment of children and adults in promoting this dangerous medication.

Hellobethyname
Hellobethyname

Drugging the children and adults, like this also allows room for sexual predators to have access, and its all planned, from the people with the knowledge about the drugs to the people with the money to buy the knowledge, and they have access to our children in foster care, or in respite care... they are not safe.. but the government knows this.. thier the ones with the money.. they are all for one and one for all.. unfortuneatly its hard core reality... itz time to change it all....Tina....

Zorro.psychiatry
Zorro.psychiatry

Terrific article.

The public is waiting for the medical profession to act in these children interests.There is no reliable data indicating the longterm beneficial use of anti-psychotics in children for any purpose.

The brain cannot make appropriate choices when subdued by the neurochemical equivalent of vodka.

So we turn children into angry drunks (or maybe they will fall asleep first) . . . .

Rosewiththorns
Rosewiththorns

I babysat this child a couple of weeks after she got out of foster "care". (I use parentheses because "care" is NOT what she got.....she was DRUGGED OUT OF HER MIND by CPS!) She told me that she cried and cried every day because she missed her parents so much. Even as this article stated, "her foster mother had initially complained of Rachel being hyperactive and uncooperative".

Now think about this.....how many children cry and get upset because they are taken away from the families that love them and that they love? I'd say every one of them. Now consider....if a child taken away from the only family they know and put into a home where they know NOBODY and are scared and traumatized from recently being taken away from their parents, don't you think they would be upset? Of course they would. But with CPS.....it's NOT ACCEPTABLE for a child to be upset. That's when they put them on DRUGS TO SHUT THEM UP! More money for CPS! The CPS caseworker even told Rachel's mother, who was crying as she ripped Rachel out of her arms, that she needed to stop crying or she would NEVER see Rachel again (Is this how they are supposed to treat the parents?????)!

Each child that is put on drugs earns CPS MORE MONEY for each child from the coffers of the state AND federal monies that are taken from our taxes that we pay. Now I highly doubt that the majority of children who have been traumatized by being snatched away by CPS need drugs, but to CPS it's all about the money! This has been going on for years, yet CPS has been very clever in covering up their lies and schemes, as well as living in the black hole between "state law" and "federal law". Because they are in this hazy area.....wait for it.....CPS is NOT REQUIRED TO ADHERE TO EITHER STATE NOR FEDERAL LAW BECAUSE THEY CAN PLAY ONE AGAINST THE OTHER! Is it sinking in yet????? Parents say it's against the laws of the state....CPS says they have approval by FEDERAL LAW. Parents say it's against Federal Law.....CPS says they have approval by STATE LAW. This is how they are able to play one side against the other. This has been going on for YEARS, yet nobody has wanted to do anything about it! Politicians I have talked to said they know CPS is corrupt, but they don't want to jeopardize their nice, cushy political seats because "CPS is too powerful".

Now really.....do you really want a government agency that is considered "too powerful to fight" in charge of our children? Do you know what they do when a child turns 18 in their care? On their 18th birthday, they are no longer considered "wards of the state" and the state and federal funding STOPS. The children are turned out into the street immediately to fend for themselves. Don't forget to consider the fact that the foster "famililes" no longer want these children (because they will no longer be paid to take "care" of them), and that CPS has destroyed all ties to their original familes so that these children literally have NOWHERE to go.

Now the question comes down to this: Are we, as a civilized society, going to continue to let CPS and the federal government continue to dictate to us HOW we are to raise our children, and let them take our children away at the whimsy of CPS and put them on drugs to keep them quiet while in foster care just so they can keep their revenue up? Already too many children have died while on these drugs, while CPS and the pharmaceutical companies keep the information "confidential"?

I dare any politician to go after these child kidnappers and child killers. I've already seen too many of you who are yellow bellied cowards! Makes me wonder....would they ignore the problem if it happened to one of their children or grandchildren?

Would you still support CPS if your child or grandchild was taken away and put on drugs?.....

You be the judge........

LC
LC

Jesus Christ... I'm a mom and luckily my kids are not prescribed anything. But this article BREAKS MY HEART! Stop drugging these babies and start effing taking care of them!

Xtc1357
Xtc1357

I am not surprise this kind of medical abuse is practiced on children , while living in Florida it was a common practice for foster children to be given numerous drugs without a valid reason. The medical profession has been corrupted by money for many years by the giveaways from the drug companies. This is a civil rights issue I believe that a organization such as the ACLU of Texas should be alerted to this issue, of abusing minors by drugging them!!!

michaelwhiter72
michaelwhiter72

Let us take an example of Texas. The "Penny Medical" is quite popular in Arizona. It provides so many offers for the low income people.

Guest
Guest

My daughter was given risperdal for what we were told was possibly ADD/ADHD and depression at age 6 (but later/other dr.s identified PTSD). She is off when I refused to give her anymore - it took her 5 mos to go from sad, A+ student, low avg weight to obese; adrenal problems, thyroid problems, glucose problems; and excessive anger/violence, avg grades. They say now adrenal is ok, glucose is still borderline, but thyroid is pretty much shot! They created a lifelong nightmare for my child. Thyroid controls everything else - so if she drinks milk - it prevents thyroid meds from working and here come the thyroid side effects. I wish I had an attorney to sue the pants off J &J and the Dr that prescribed it, yet ignored my warnings about side effects until it was too late to un do!

Danny Haszard
Danny Haszard

PTSD treatment for Veterans found ineffective.Eli Lilly Zyprexa can cause diabetes. I took Zyprexa Olanzapine a powerful Lilly schizophrenic drug for 4 years it was prescribed to me off-label for post traumatic stress disorder was ineffective costly and gave me diabetes. *FIVE at FIVE* The Zyprexa antipsychotic drug,whose side effects can include weight gain and diabetes, was sold for "children in foster care, people who have trouble sleeping, elderly in nursing homes. *Five at Five* was the Zyprexa sales rep slogan, meaning *5mg dispensed at 5pm would keep patients quiet*. -- Daniel Haszard Zyprexa victim activistFMI zyprexa-victims(dot)com

Danny Haszard
Danny Haszard

Be aware of drugs that potentiate diabetes.Eli Lilly Zyprexa Olanzapine issues linger.The use of powerful antipsychotic drugs has increased in children as young as three years old. Weight gain, increases in triglyceride levels and associated risks for diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The average weight gain (adults) over the 12 week study period was the highest for Zyprexa—17 pounds. You’d be hard pressed to gain that kind of weight sport-eating your way through the holidays.One in 145 adults died in clinical trials of those taking the antipsychotic drug Zyprexa. This was Lilly's #1 product $5 billion per year sales,moreover Lilly also make billions more on drugs that treat diabetes.--- Daniel Haszard Zyprexa activist and patient.

Edward Opton
Edward Opton

Brian,

I'd really, really like to talk with you. Would you please contact me? You can send your e-mail address to eopton@youthlaw.org or phone me and leave a cal-back number. My phone number is 510-835-8098, ext. 3014.

Edward Opton

Guest
Guest

After working in the realm of residential/institutional foster care, I was shocked to learn, "In 2009, 65% [or 26,994] of the children in [TX] foster care, 59%, [or 15,932 children] lived in residential [institutional] foster care" (Children’s’ Commission, 2010, p. 12).

In 1975-'76, Texas sent foster children and children sentenced for petty crimes to Arcadia, Louisiana. LA would not send LA's "troubled" children to this god-forsaken place. The director and head pedophile, Mack W. Ford, took more girls than we will ever know across state lines (as we sang and told sad stories to fill the coffers), and molested and raped us in ways I never imagined possible. When he began molesting two and three girls at a time, he left witnesses. One committed suicide and the other two are hanging on by a thread.

He is still there, sitting on land purchased by donations to the nonprofit home/church/hell-hole, living in the two-story home built for the preacher man, and he's trying to sell the whole place for a sweet 2 M. The fool thinks he will pocket the money and he probably will.

To cause children to be unbelievable, the label of "troubled children" allows owners and staff persons to do anything they want. ANYTHING! I believe Ford and his wife (she knew) needs a boot straight to prison, put the property, or money, in a trust to help the kids who, as adults, are not able to move beyond the violence and sexual abuse Mack Ford and several of his pedo-friends, male and female, perpetrated on unsuspecting boys and girls. I had never been in trouble with anyone other than my parents, and knew children of families that fell apart, and were abandoned to Mack W. Ford's rather large hell-hole.

Several have committed suicide and I do not want to read about another of NB's survivors committing suicide. The FBI and Beinville Parrish Investigators will not do anything to his sorry self.

I went to New Bethany, thinking I was running to the loving arms of the family I never had. Had I known the truth, I would take my dad's beatings over Mack Ford's rapes any day of the week.

Diando
Diando

They are using Foster children to test the drugs on. The long term effects are not known.

Diando
Diando

ACLU is aware of this.. They choose to ignore it.. In our case anyway..

Jwright2
Jwright2

Good luck finding an attorney with the knowledge and balls to sue CPS' and their actors. Our laws make them bullet-proof and they abuse us with impunity.

When I first saw the pics of Rachie after she was in foster care, I cried. This was the same little girl who we had played with and spent over a week together. Rachie needed someone to play and be active instead of sitting on their ass; not drugs.

I know another child, who developed hypothyroidism while in foster care. When his kidneys were affected, CPS finally had his medication reduced. Drugging kids is much easier than teaching children what they are supposed to do... sickening..

Craig Malisow
Craig Malisow

Diando -- could you tell me where you're getting this information about drugs being tested on foster children? Which drugs are you referring to?

oyvindbremnes
oyvindbremnes

Has anyone tested if Cps are really bulletproof?

Craig Malisow
Craig Malisow

No prob' -- I appreciate your passion for the issue!

Diando
Diando

I understand.... It got off subject.. Thank you for pointing that out.

Diando
Diando

Drug experimentations conducted by pharmaceutical giants have killed 893 Turks, the Independent reported. Turkey is listed sixth of the countries that report the most deaths due to experimentations, with India taking the lead at over 1,700 victims who lost their lives during experiments run by American, British and European pharmaceutical companies. The Independent’s investigation revealed plenty of gruesome details including experiments cancelled following abuses of illiterate or uninformed subjects in need of either money or treatment. The total number of world deaths caused by pharmaceutical experimentation runs as high as 120,000. The issue is reportedly caused by tight regulations in countries like the United States and England, which push the pharmaceutical companies to direct their studies to countries that have looser ethical and technical regulations. Read Story Here…

Craig Malisow
Craig Malisow

Hi Diando -- I understand the seriousness of this issue, but just wanted to again point out that my story has nothing to do with testing drugs on foster children.

Diando
Diando

Since Merck's ethics were considered exemplary within the pharmaceutical industry -- one has to wonder how much lower one needs to stoop to find the business ethics under which the rest of this industry operates.

Those best situated to bring this industry's immoral conduct to a screeching halt, are its shareholders.

The role of pharmaceutical companies came up at a hearing convened by the Committee on General Welfare of the New York City Council in which the commissioner of NYC's Administration of Chilren's Services (ACS) was grilled about the unethical drug experiments that were conducted on at least 645 infants and children who were under the guardianship of ACS.

The children were exposed to experimental AIDS drugs and vaccines in Phase I and Phase II trials sponsored by the National Institutes of Health, often in concert with drug manufacturers. All institutions and government agencies involved have been unforthcoming about the trials and the fate of the children.

One after another Council member expressed his disgust with "the moral turpitude of pharmaceutical companies" whose involvement in the trials raises red flags about the financial underpinnings of the trials.

Contact: Vera Hassner Sharav212-595-8974

Diando
Diando

A Russian hospital is being investigated for allegedly illegally testing GlaxoSmithKline vaccines on toddlers, making them ill and hampering their development. GlaxoSmithKline denied the claims, saying there was evidence of neither adverse events nor misconduct.

The vaccines were tested on over 100 children aged 1 to 2. Prosecutors claim that parents were not properly informed, and thought that the vaccinations were routine.It was also alleged that sick children had been illegally used in the clinical trials; only healthy children were allowed to receive the vaccine according to the contract. One girl had a neurological illness that progressed quickly after the vaccination.

Diando
Diando

Pfizer Implicated in Human Drug Experimentation on Critically Ill Children in Nigeria

Mike AdamsNaturalNews Wednesday, Nov 26, 2008

Did Pfizer recruit critical ill Nigerian children for illegal drug experiments? That's what the Nigerian government is charging in an $8.5 billion lawsuit against the drug maker. To avoid a court battle, Pfizer is offering to pay off the Nigerian government with $150 million in drug money, hoping it will drop the case and end what could potentially be a public relations nightmare for the drug maker.

Anyone familiar with the true history of drug companies knows that many of them have a long, dark history of experimentation on human beings. Read the shocking timeline of human medical experimentation here: http://www.naturalnews.com/019...

Drug companies, of course, routinely conduct drug trials outside the United States these days, away from public scrutiny and regulations involving basic human rights. In my opinion, drug companies exploit these third-world children, using them as guinea pigs to gather manipulated clinical trial data for their drugs, then they turn around and sell those same dangerous drugs at criminally-high markups to citizens of wealthy first-world nations.

The true stories of drug companies using citizens of third-world countries for vaccine experiments and dangerous drug trials are horrifying, to say the least. But it's even worse when you realize that, for the most part, Big Pharma is also experimenting on virtually everyone, since most of their new drugs have never been proven in long-term safety trials anyway.

Diando
Diando

They are mostly used for Aid's however, if they are using them for aids experiments you can bet it's being done for more than that.. I posted some of the articles and they are waiting for approval.

Craig Malisow
Craig Malisow

Well, actually, that's not what I wrote. My story has nothing to do with testing drugs on foster kids. I think that's pretty clear.

Bill
Bill

It's in your article, dude - read what you wrote. They don't know the efficacy or long-term effect, but while we have this nice captive population (a la Tuskegee), let's try this stuff on them and see what happens at this doe and this age, write up the results, publish it, and use it to bootstrap our drug into legitimacy.

IWright
IWright

I called twice and phone went to voice mail.I left my name and number.

Eopton
Eopton

Yes, of course. Call me at 510-835-8098, ext. 3014, and I'll explain what I have in mind and why. For general background on my organization, please see www.youthlaw.org.

Jwight2
Jwight2

Could you share your motives?

notpo
notpo

jwright,

I'd like to talk with you. Please call me at 510-835-8098, ext. 3014 or e-mail me at eopton[at]youthlaw.org.

Jwright
Jwright

I recall hearing CPS caseworkers, say they made more money by joining CASA in a supervisory position. Once a supervisor with CASA, later on the once caseworker may return to CPS in a supervisory position and at a higher pay scale.

19 years ago, I volunteered with CASA and the majority of employees were previously CPS workers. One woman was with CASA when I met her and previously she worked for CPS. She changed to CASA because the workload was lighter and there was less "chick-shit" at CASA. Several years ago, I ran into her at the courthouse and she had returned to CPS, in a supervisory role. With CPS workers becoming CASA workers and CASA workers becoming CPS workers, the CPS attitudes became incestuous with CASA.

Join CASA, attend the training sessions (used to be 30 hours) and you will have access to judges, CPS Supervisors, and lots of Caseworkers.

While at a fancy luncheon at the Junior League, I listened to CPS Agents and CASA Agents talk about their cases and specific families, incidents, and children; typically, laughing and making jokes about "foolish" statements made by distraught parents. Two CPS workers were literally doubling over laughing when describing how they went out at night and one hid with a camera, while the other knocked on the door. As soon as the father (ordered to leave the home) opened the door, the person with the camera took a picture and the next day in court, the parents' rights were terminated because mom was not following CPS' rules.

Warranted or not, there is nothing funny about the pain and sheer agony so many parents that I work with manage. The majority of parents I work with were deemed neglectful in caring for their children.

Evidently, CASA does not complete background checks on CPS caseworkers. Awhile back, a background check of a CASA who was hell-bent on punishing young boys, revealed she was convicted of doctoring a government document and sentenced to probation; however, less than six months later, she had a DWI and probation revoked.

Her resume includes working for the Texas Department of Corrections (TDC), reintegrating prisoners into society. She did not work for TDC, she was a prisoner! . For the six or seven years she worked for CPS, she was convicted once or twice each year for writing hot checks. When a check bounces, most would simply pay the fees and whatever is owed. No... she had to be arrested and taken to jail once or twice a year.No one threatened to take her child! This CASA gave a mother pure hell because her son missed a therapy session because he was sick and running a fever. The way she spoke to this mother, one would have thought the mother was a convict, but this mother has never been convicted of anything.

The agency is broken beyond repair.

notpo
notpo

Can someone explain: why would an ex-CPS worker become a CASA? What is the motive? Or motives?

Jo's
Jo's

Bremnes, Maybe "bullet-proof" is the wrong terminology; lawsuit-proof would be more accurate. CPS in Texas is "lawsuit-proof" because of the immunity afforded the agency and their minions, which includes judges who appear to be nothing more than a mouthpiece for CPS.

Suing CPS for wrong and illegal actions is more likely to land the plaintiff in bankruptcy court than to afford justice for a child. $67,000.00 was nothing compared to the endless budget for CPS' legal team.

With the incestuous relationship between CPS and CASA, the original intent of CASA (providing an independent voice for children) rarely occurs. Many supervisors and Advocates at CASA used to be CPS workers. CASA and CPS may as well merge into one organization and save the taxpayer's money.

San Antonio CASA touts, "Ninety-nine percent of the time, the judge agrees with our volunteers' recommendations for final placement" (CASA, http://www.casa-satx.org/volun.... If the web site is accurate, then 99% creates the appearance of bias, thus violating the Judicial Canons.

 
Loading...