A must read book by Dr. Mark Kubala:
The gospel testifies to the Roman manner of torture in which Jesus endured humiliation and a brutal beating before he was nailed to the cross. The beating was intended to inflict maximum pain short of death and to satisfy the crowd’s demand for the death of Jesus. Pilate presented him to the crowd, crowned with thorns, which produced severe pain and profuse bleeding, and in a horrendous state of dehumanization, saying, “Behold the Man” but they would only be satisfied with his death.
The trial ended. “Jesus was led away carrying the cross himself” (John 19:17). Medical opinion has varied about the ultimate cause of death. After three hours of hanging on the cross, he was exhausted from lack of sleep and loss of ... to find out what the medical cause of Our Lord's death was, visit Dr. Kubala's book review and signing at the Czech Center Museum Houston!