Walter Gropius: 10 Awesome Buildings

When we think of 20th-century architects, Walter Gropius is probably not that high on our list of names. But without Gropius, we probably couldn't also name great 20th-century artists like Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky and Käthe Kollwitz.

Gropius, who died 42 years ago today, founded the academy that housed the Bauhaus School in Germany, which pioneered a functional, severely simple architectural style, the originator of chrome and glass. Gropius, who was born in Berlin, fled the Third Reich and eventually settled in Boston, teaching at Harvard and MIT.

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