For those too young to remember, this event was the high-water mark of the cold war -- the closest the United States and the Soviet Union ever came to launching nuclear weapons at each other and triggering all-out nuclear war. The real possibility of this horror was so terrifying for both sides -- let alone the rest of the world -- that its memory unquestionably worked to restrain direct belligerence between the superpowers afterward. (In film terms, it also presumably had the salutary effect of inspiring Stanley Kubrick to make Dr. Strangelove.)
In Roger Donaldson's film version of the crisis, we see everything through the eyes of Kenny O'Donnell (Kevin Costner), a member of John F. Kennedy's inner circle and certainly one of the least-known major figures in the Kennedy White House. Virtually every other major character in the film -- Stevenson, Rusk, Curtis LeMay, among many others -- is a familiar figure from the period.
On October 16, President Kennedy (Bruce Greenwood) is informed that spy planes have photographed the Russians moving nuclear missiles into Cuba -- an act that was considered a direct threat to the United States. This triggers a series of meetings among JFK's political and military advisers, including brother Bobby (Steven Culp), McGeorge Bundy (Frank Wood), Robert McNamara (Dylan Baker), General Maxwell Taylor (Bill Smitrovich), Dean Rusk (Henry Strozier), Adlai Stevenson (Michael Fairman), Ted Sorenson (Tim Kelleher), General Curtis LeMay (Kevin Conway) and former Secretary of State Dean Acheson (Len Cariou). The Kennedys seem to regard both Vice President Lyndon Johnson (Walter Adrian) and Press Secretary Pierre Salinger (Kelly Connell) as buffoons who need to be kept out of the loop.
As presented here, what is most fascinating in the meetings, which make up most of the film, is the extent to which the situation is portrayed as an internal crisis as well as an international one. Kennedy's immediate inner circle, represented here as JFK, Bobby and O'Donnell, are not merely trying to figure out the best strategy for dealing with Khrushchev; they spend at least as much time trying to deal with the different political factions among the advisers. The generals are so eager to push the situation to the nuclear brink that JFK has to have O'Donnell sneak around them to inform various lower-ranking military figures that they are not to act without direct authorization from the president.
And at one point, even the inner circle gets tightened: JFK and Bobby hatch a scheme on their own behind O'Donnell's back, because they know he won't like it, and they don't want to hear his arguments. (It turns out to be a harebrained idea that makes the situation much worse.) When O'Donnell finally learns he's been circumvented, and why, he lambastes Bobby with the most cutting insult -- "This idea is that fucking bad; it's something your father would have done!" -- a reference to Joe Kennedy's appeasement of Hitler prior to American involvement in World War II.
Any film re-creating well-known historical events faces a huge number of potential pitfalls, particularly when the two central figures -- JFK and Bobby -- are, in looks and manner, so well documented and familiar to most of the audience. In terms of sheer impersonation, Culp's Bobby is more successful. Greenwood gives a nuanced performance that may be the film's best work, but at times his surface dissimilarities to JFK are jarring. There is only a slight physical resemblance; and his accent seems to go in and out. The most obvious example is when we hear him repeatedly say "Cuba" in meetings, rather than JFK's famous "Cuber" pronunciation; when it comes time to replicate Kennedy's most famous speech of that period, Greenwood finally says "Cuber," since any other pronunciation would have sounded false, but the switcheroo only makes the problem more apparent. Costner has the luxury of playing a figure the public has no preconceptions of, but his accent also is inconsistent. Indeed, the star is never at his most convincing when not speaking in his natural manner.
Director Donaldson has always been better in his suspense-oriented films (No Way Out, Marie) than in his other work (Cocktail, The Bounty). In Thirteen Days, he is never less than effective -- but that has its negative as well as positive sides. On the one hand, he keeps us worrying about the world coming to end, even though we already know that it doesn't. On the other, in conveying a huge amount of historical data in less two and a half hours, his efficient direction renders the movie somewhat characterless, like a top-rank made-for-TV production. The occasional personal moments, mostly involving O'Donnell's family, are strictly pro forma and uninspired.
Nevertheless, Thirteen Days is perfectly gripping for those old enough to remember the terror under which Washington, Moscow and the rest of the world lived that month in 1962. It is now such ancient history that it may shock viewers too young to have ever experienced the sense of living on the edge of annihilation.